Dating the gospel of matthew
(This may be aimed at Christians like Mark, whose Gentile context led him to show Jesus nullifying kosher laws [Mk ].) This Gospel is organized for instructional purposes. .” [, 27, 31, 33, 38, 43] in which, with one exception, Jesus takes a principle found in the Torah and further intensifies it in the same direction.It contains five sermons of Jesus [5:1-; 10:1-42; 13:1-52; 18:1-35; and 23:1 through ], that recall the five books of the Torah. Jesus is seen by Matthew as the embodiment of all preceding Jewish history.This text primarily repeats the earlier stories contained in the Infancy Gospel of James, which focused on the birth and dedication of Mary. Obviously, this gospel was very important to the Coptic [Egyptian] Church.
As the living Wisdom of God, Jesus’ teachings must be observed. ” will not enter the Kingdom, but only those who do the Father's will [; see also ff].Moreover, he has no intention of adding this book to the established canon.Later on, there is another letter written to the Bishops that specifically addressed authorship of the text.He is competing with other Jewish leaders for influence in Judaism amidst the power-vacuum left by the destruction of the Temple in the year 70.It is crucial to note that Matthew’s church is one strand of first-century Judaism.
The Matthean church is to put the Torah of Jesus into practice, with a particular emphasis on reconciliation and forgiveness [-24; ff], using extreme measures only as a last resort [-17]. teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you.” [28:9-10] The main christological idea in Matthew is that Jesus is the definitive teacher of the Torah because he himself personifies it.